PHP

Developing PDO and releasing an alpha has sparked a lot of interest already (probably helped along by George ;-)) and we got our first "how does it work" e-mail today. As it happens, I've already written a intro to PDO for the OTN but George informs me that they can take a while to publish.

Meanwhile, to avoid being swamped by mail as the word gets out, here are a couple of sample PDO scripts to get you started. Please keep in mind that it is alpha software (although still works pretty well) and requires PHP 5 from CVS (RC3 will work too, but that isn't released until next week).

The API is "grown-up" by default; you get so called "unbuffered" result sets as standard and the prepare/bind/execute API is preferred, although there are some short-cuts already (and some more planned). Note that you don't need to do any quoting manually using bound parameters; it is handled for you. You do need to be careful with magic_quotes though (as always).

<?php
$dbh = new PDO('mysql:dbname=test;host=localhost', $username, $password);
// let's have exceptions instead of silence.
// other modes: PDO_ERRMODE_SILENT (default - check $stmt->errorCode() and $stmt->errorInfo())
//              PDO_ERRMODE_WARNING (php warnings)
$dbh->setAttribute(PDO_ATTR_ERRMODE, PDO_ERRMODE_EXCEPTION);
// one-shot query
$dbh->exec("create table test(name varchar(255) not null primary key, value varchar(255));");
?>


<?php
// insert some data using a prepared statement
$stmt = $dbh->prepare("insert into test (name, value) values (:name, :value)");
// bind php variables to the named placeholders in the query
// they are both strings that will not be more than 64 chars long
$stmt->bindParam(':name', $name, PDO_PARAM_STR, 64);
$stmt->bindParam(':value', $value, PDO_PARAM_STR, 64);
// insert a record
$name = 'Foo';
$value = 'Bar';
$stmt->execute();
// and another
$name = 'Fu';
$value = 'Ba';
$stmt->execute();
// more if you like, but we're done
$stmt = null;
?>


<?php
// get some data out based on user input
$what = $_GET['what'];
$stmt = $dbh->prepare('select name, value from test where name=:what');
$stmt->bindParam('what', $what);
$stmt->execute();
// get the row using PDO_FETCH_BOTH (default if not specified as parameter)
// other modes: PDO_FETCH_NUM, PDO_FETCH_ASSOC, PDO_FETCH_OBJ, PDO_FETCH_LAZY, PDO_FETCH_BOUND
$row = $stmt->fetch();
print_r($row);
$stmt = null;
?>


<?php
// get all data row by row
$stmt = $dbh->prepare('select name, value from test');
$stmt->execute();
while ($row = $stmt->fetch(PDO_FETCH_ASSOC)) {
    print_r($row);
}
$stmt = null;
?>


<?php
// get data row by row using bound ouput columns
$stmt = $dbh->prepare('select name, value from test');
$stmt->execute();
$stmt->bindColumn('name', $name);
$stmt->bindColumn('value', $value)
while ($stmt->fetch(PDO_FETCH_BOUND)) {
    echo "name=$name, value=$value\\n";
}
?>

Oh, how do you get and install it?

Grab a PHP 5 snapshot from http://snaps.php.net (or HEAD from CVS).

   ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php5 --with-zlib ....
   make
   make install
   export PATH="/usr/local/php5/bin:$PATH"
   /usr/local/php5/bin/pear install -f PDO
   [ now add extension=pdo.so to php.ini ]
   /usr/local/php5/bin/pear install -f PDO_MYSQL
   [ now add extension=pdo_mysql.so to php.ini ]
   /usr/local/php5/bin/php -m

There are other drivers; Search PECL for more. If you're running windows, just grab the win32 snap and the PDO dlls from PECL binaries for PHP 5.

Credits: thanks to Marcus, George, Ilia and Edin.

Please try to avoid asking too many questions about it; documentation will follow as soon as it is ready.


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